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Racism is actions, practices or beliefs, or social or political systems that consider different races to be ranked as inherently superior or inferior to each other, based on presumed shared inheritable traits, abilities, or qualities. It may also hold that members of different races should be treated differently. While most conceptualizations of racism include the notion of "race based discrimination," the exact definition is controversial both because there is little scholarly agreement about the meaning of the concept "race" and because there is also little agreement about what does and does not constitute discrimination.

RACIAL DISCRIMINATION: This is judging and stereotyping someone because of their race. This becomes RACISM when that judgment is used to hinder them from politics, jobs and used in the social systems that make a just society.

RACE: Ethnicity based on language or color of the skin. RACIAL SUPERIORITY: When a race considers itself superior to the other and uses that as a way to dominate others.

RACIAL PROFILING: "Racial profiling" refers to the targeting of particular individuals by law enforcement authorities based not on their behavior, but rather their personal characteristics. It is generally used to encompass more than simply an individual's race. As used in this report, it encompasses race, ethnicity, national origin, and religion—and means the impermissible use by law enforcement authorities of these personal characteristics, to any degree, in determining which individuals to stop, detain, question, or subject to other law enforcement activities. Two points should be emphasized in connection with this definition.