Racism is actions, practices or beliefs, or social or political systems that consider different races to be ranked as inherently superior or inferior to each other, based on presumed shared inheritable traits, abilities, or qualities. It may also hold that members of different races should be treated differently. While most conceptualizations of racism include the notion of "race based discrimination," the exact definition is controversial both because there is little scholarly agreement about the meaning of the concept "race" and because there is also little agreement about what does and does not constitute discrimination.

RACIAL DISCRIMINATION: This is judging and stereotyping someone because of their race. This becomes RACISM when that judgment is used to hinder them from politics, jobs and used in the social systems that make a just society.

RACE: Ethnicity based on language or color of the skin. RACIAL SUPERIORITY: When a race considers itself superior to the other and uses that as a way to dominate others.

RACIAL PROFILING: "Racial profiling" refers to the targeting of particular individuals by law enforcement authorities based not on their behavior, but rather their personal characteristics. It is generally used to encompass more than simply an individual's race. As used in this report, it encompasses race, ethnicity, national origin, and religion—and means the impermissible use by law enforcement authorities of these personal characteristics, to any degree, in determining which individuals to stop, detain, question, or subject to other law enforcement activities. Two points should be emphasized in connection with this definition.

As the qualifying term "impermissible use" indicates, the definition does not prohibit reliance by law enforcement authorities on race, ethnicity, national origin, or religion in all circumstances. Rather, it is aimed at law enforcement activities that are premised on the erroneous assumption that individuals of a particular race, ethnicity, national origin, or religion are more likely to engage in certain types of unlawful conduct than are individuals of another race, ethnicity, national origin, or religion. Thus, it is not racial profiling when law enforcement authorities rely on these personal characteristics as part of a subject description or in connection with an investigation if there is reliable information that links a person of a particular race, ethnicity, national origin, or religion to a specific incident, scheme, or organization.

It also should be noted that under this definition, race need not be the sole factor used by law enforcement authorities in deciding who to subject to investigative procedures. Even if individuals are not targeted by law enforcement authorities solely because of their race, race is often a factor—and indeed, the decisive factor— in guiding law enforcement decisions about who to stop, detain, question, or subject to other investigative procedures. Selective law enforcement based in part on race is no less pernicious or offensive to the principle of equal justice than is enforcement based solely on race.

In order to demonstrate how the foregoing definition would apply in practice, we set forth below several hypothetical examples to illustrate what would and would not constitute racial profiling under that definition:

1. A police officer who is parked on the side of a highway notices that nearly all vehicles are exceeding the posted speed limit. Since the driver of each such vehicle is committing a traffic violation that would legally justify a stop, the officer may not use the race of the driver as a factor in deciding who to pull over or subject to further investigative procedures. If, however, a police officer receives an "all-points bulletin" to be on the look-out for a fleeing robbery suspect, who is described as a man of a particular race in his thirties driving a certain model automobile, the officer may use this description—including the suspect's race—in deciding which drivers to pull over.

2. While investigating a drug trafficking operation, law enforcement authorities receive reliable information that the distribution ring plans to pick up shipments of illegal drugs at a railroad station, and that elderly couples of a particular race are being used as couriers. Law enforcement authorities may properly target elderly couples of that race at the railroad station in connection with this investigation. Assume, however, that the information provided to law enforcement authorities indicates that elderly couples are being used as couriers, but there is no reference to race. Law enforcement authorities may properly target elderly couples, but may not selectively investigate elderly couples of a particular race.

3. In connection with an initiative to prevent terrorist activity, law enforcement authorities may not target members of any particular race or religion as suspects based on a generalized assumption that members of that race or religion are more likely than non-members to be involved in such activity. On the other hand, if law enforcement authorities receive a reliable tip that persons of a particular race or religion living in a specific apartment building are plotting terrorist acts, they may focus their investigation on persons of that race or religion that live in the building.

4. In an effort to identify undocumented immigrants, border agents may not—even in areas near the Mexican border in which a substantial part of the population is Hispanic—take Hispanic origin into account in deciding which individuals to stop detain and question. Border agents may take Hispanic origin into account, however, in attempting to identify undocumented immigrants at a particular worksite if they have reliable information that undocumented immigrants of Hispanic origin are employed at that worksite.


We are not naïve or lacking in commonsense. There are some obvious patterns of habits that lead to certain behaviors. The truth is that there is no market without a mad man. The law enforcement has a great deal of good and honest officers. But there are some rogue racist officers that have soiled the law enforcement department. The officers have experiences with certain trends of crime, statistics and patterns. They read body language and sometimes they use the dressing code. As a black man driving a certain kind of a car, I have been pulled over many times. I am not sure if it was because of my race. However, in all those cases, whether I am guilty or not, I have learned to be calm, cooperative and respectful. I have seen that as a great way to disarm any officer who may have profiled me based on race. But if I would respond in anger and calling them out, definitely it would affect the way they would respond. I am black and have no fear that someone will arrest me and throw me in jail because of my color. We need to get rid of that victim mentality and live in freedom!


1. We are all created in the image and likeness of God.

2. Man was not created to dominate man, but to dominate other creatures and creation. The human systems of human domination are not compatible with the design of God: Racism, colonialism and authoritarianism.


The church is meant to become a model of heaven on earth. When God allows us to come into contact with other ethnicities, we should embrace it as an opportunity to grow in love with humanity as God created us.


What happens when we come to Christ? We become a new creation, a new nation and a new ethnicity. Abraham was promised that he would be a father of a great nation. This nation is the church-those who are in Christ. My blessing is not dependent on my race. There is nobody who can effectively racially discriminate against a believer and succeed in hindering the blessing of God. Such a mindset is not compatible with Christianity. God is not a respecter of persons. In every nation he that obeys Him is blessed by Him. The systems of this world may discriminate, but promotion comes from above and not from people. In Christ, In Him, through Him-is a revelation that defines your true identity above and beyond your racial identity. Your blessing is not defined by your race.


1. Interracial marriages and churches have their unique challenges especially when we fail to create a culture that shows mutual respect and understanding of our uniqueness.

2. Every culture is unique and has something good about it. However, there is no culture that is flawless. We need to create a culture that is not based on our ethnicity but based on God's word. IOC is not a Kenyan church, black church, Asian church or White church. We are an interracial church. What that means is that everybody makes room for others. Our worship is diverse and not just gospel, rap, rock, or country. We may not do your favorite style. This may not feel like how things used to be back home. We are not here to reach Kenyan’s only. If that was the mission, we should go to Kenya. We are here to reach to our community and have a church that shows the diversity that our community has. Schools, military, workforce, and communities for the most part have been well integrated. But the church has not done a good job with it. It is not the will of God to have a black church, white church, Liberian church, or a Kenyan church that claims to be reaching the community around them while creating internal mechanisms that hinder other racial groups from feeling welcome.

3. A church that wants integration must create a culture of integration. Integrate the leadership, the worship and the styles. For Africans, overcome the African time mentality and create a culture that respects time. For Americans, understand that accents are not a hindrance. We can train our ears to hear each other. You too have an accent. We all need to learn to speak slowly and clearly. We can work on it. Since my wife fell in love with me, my accent has never been a hindrance. She has become my best interpreter. It is amazing how being patient with each other creates breakthrough in accents!

4. Focus on what unites us and not what divides us. In an interracial church, there is the opportunity for Jesus to truly be the center and object of our obsession. That is why when such a breakthrough is achieved, there is greater authority because we are not here for our cultural bonds and meeting. We are here just because of Jesus Christ! Ps 133- This unity increases the anointing!